The leading case in the United States on end of life decisions and consent is Cruzan v. Dir., Mo. Dep't of Health, 497 U.S. 261, 110 S. Ct. 2841 (1990). In Cruzan, the family requested the termination of life-sustaining treatments to their relative who was in a persistent vegetative state. Hospital employees refused to terminate life support without the authorization of the court.
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