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Alexi provides high-quality answers to complex legal questions in memo format for lawyers. Below you can see a collection of sample excerpts from just some of the thousands of research memos we produce.


Can a father benefit from a retroactive reduction of child support arrears based on reduced income in the years 2016- 2018?


New Brunswick, Canada

How has the California Bar Association treated a lawyer's heavy caseload as a mitigating factor?


California, United States of America

What are the reasons for the release of Reasons for JUDGMENT?


Ontario, Canada

How have the courts dealt with standard form agreements in real estate contracts?


California, United States of America

What is the test for drawing a bond in marriage?


Ontario, Canada

Is there any case law where a surveyor made an error as to the boundary line between two properties?


British Columbia, Canada

What is the test for providing evidence in a personal injury case?


California, United States of America

What is the adequate alternative remedy principle?


Nova Scotia, Canada

What is a reasonable cause requirement in probation search conditions?


California, United States of America

In what circumstances will a defendant be charged with conspiracy to disturb the peace under section 407.7 of the California Criminal Code?


California, United States of America

What is the effect of a probation order requiring a defendant to pay attorney fees at his sentencing hearing?


California, United States of America

What is the test for a contract of service where the terms of the contract are based on market conditions rather than on the duration of the service?


Canada (Federal), Canada

Is there any actual harm caused by the fact that an adverse judgment is entered regardless of what happens on appeal?


California, United States of America

Does a prison inmate have First Amendment rights?


MultiRegion, United States of America

Does the Attorney General's failure to instruct the jury on a claim of right defense constitute ineffective assistance of counsel?


California, United States of America

In what circumstances will the husband be entitled to a 50% interest in the home?


British Columbia, Canada

Can a defendant appeal his no contest plea?


California, United States of America

What is the test for unanimous verdict in a criminal case?


California, United States of America

What is the test for amending a pleading?


Ontario, Canada

What constitutes reversible error in a sexual assault case?


California, United States of America

Can a defendant be punished for more than one act within the meaning of section 654 of the California Penal Code?


California, United States of America

What is the threshold for reliability of a statement by a witness?


British Columbia, Canada

Is circumstantial evidence sufficient to convict a defendant?


California, United States of America

What are the reasons for misfeasance in public office?


Ontario, Canada

What is the test for determining whether a relationship is marriage-like?


British Columbia, Canada

What is the test for making a determination that a plaintiff has a right to sue for damages?


"New York", United States of America

Is there an easement connecting two lots of land on Lot 287 to the water supply on the adjoining lot?


British Columbia, Canada

What is the effect of having the same solicitor at the same time as the opposing solicitor?


Alberta, Canada

Is a motion to dismiss for failure to state a claim reviewable on appeal?


MultiRegion, United States of America

How has the court dealt with a claim for minimum wage imputing income against the payor?


Ontario, Canada

What is the test for an aider and abettor to be found guilty of a crime under the "natural and probable consequence" doctrine?


California, United States of America

What is the test for making a report of an auditor prima facie evidence at trial before a jury?


California, United States of America

What is the test for disciplinary action against an inmate who has been found guilty of assault and assault?


MultiRegion, United States of America

What is the effect of a district court's dismissal for lack of subject matter jurisdiction?


MultiRegion, United States of America

How has an insurer been held liable in a motor vehicle accident where the insurer settled for policy limits in good faith on behalf of the owner?


California, United States of America

What is the test for waiving an error assigned to a plaintiff in a civil case?


California, United States of America

Can a party evade the bar of the statute of limitations by pleading on an open account rather than a lease?


California, United States of America

What are the factors to be considered in determining the date of separation where spouses continue to occupy the same premises?


Ontario, Canada

What is the current order and what is the effect of the previous order?


Manitoba, Canada

Does the substantial evidence rule apply to the factual findings of the trial court?


California, United States of America

Can a client waive privilege over the legal advice given to them by their lawyer regarding a real estate transaction?


Alberta, Canada

What is the result of a jury finding a defendant guilty of a carjacking charge?


California, United States of America

What is the impact of the reliability of evidence given in a civil trial?


British Columbia, Canada

Does a search warrant need to be limited to the county it was issued?


California, United States of America

Is there any error in the test for establishing probable cause?


MultiRegion, United States of America

Does a motion for a new trial have to consider the ineffective assistance of trial counsel?


MultiRegion, United States of America

What is the difference between the expert testimony and the written opinions of the expert on electrical consumption of the extrusion and slitting lines?


Canada (Federal), Canada

How do you proceed in a personal injury case?


Saskatchewan, Canada

What is the applicable sentence for a man convicted of second degree murder of his common law spouse and indignity on a human body?


New Brunswick, Canada

What is the test for adding new claims in a personal injury case?


MultiRegion, United States of America

Does a jury have to convict a defendant of conspiracy?


MultiRegion, United States of America

Is evidence of a highway robbery competent to prove the fact of another crime?


"New York", United States of America

What is the case law in which the jury is asked to consider evidence of prejudicial prejudice in a jury trial where the evidence of guilt is overwhelming?


MultiRegion, United States of America

What is the effect of the Boykin-Tahl rule when a trial court accepts a guilty plea?


California, United States of America

What is the impact of a penalty for failing to comply with a court order?


British Columbia, Canada

What is the test for a defendant's claim that his sexual assault victim was particularly vulnerable?


California, United States of America

What is the test for determining the meaning of a "usual and ordinary meaning" provision in a regulatory regulation?


California, United States of America

What is the impact of a court's failure to make findings in a statement of decision?


California, United States of America

How have the courts treated statements made by a police officer in a domestic violence case?


California, United States of America

Can a reasonable trier of fact find duress within the meaning of subdivision (b) of section 288 of Section 288 of the California Penal Code?


California, United States of America

What is the test for expert opinion in a civil case?


California, United States of America

What are the Guidelines for Motor Vehicle Licensing and Licensing Review Guidelines?


British Columbia, Canada

Is a defendant entitled to a jury instruction reflecting his or her theory of defense?


MultiRegion, United States of America

Is a defendant's impeachment claim preserved for review at the appellate court because he did not testify at the guilt phase?


California, United States of America

Is a police officer permitted to enter a house using trickery, stealth or subterfuge?


California, United States of America

What is the scope of an order made under s. 7 of the BC Statutory Review Order for post-secondary tuition expenses?


British Columbia, Canada

Does the voluntary-involuntary rule apply to a state court's dismissal of a Doe Defendant?


MultiRegion, United States of America

What is the test for suspension of a driver who is found to have been driving under the influence of alcohol?


California, United States of America

Does the double jeopardy clause in the Fifth Amendment protect against having multiple punishments for the same offense imposed in the same proceeding?


California, United States of America

Is there any case law where a deputy district attorney was a witness or a witness?


California, United States of America

What is the test for varied custody of a child?


British Columbia, Canada

When will a defendant's claim that he has been treated differently than other defendants charged with multiple-murder special circumstance?


California, United States of America

What is the defense of necessity in the context of a murder case?


California, United States of America

If a plaintiff alleges violation of Section 1350 of the Civil Code of Civil Procedure, is it sufficient to invoke federal question jurisdiction?


MultiRegion, United States of America

Does Section 189 of the California Criminal Code require a jury to convict a defendant of first degree murder?


California, United States of America

Does the record need to show who requested the instructions?


California, United States of America

What is the test for a modified verdict in a second degree murder case?


California, United States of America

What are the elements of a common law fraud claim?


MultiRegion, United States of America

Is a defendant entitled to confront and present a complete defense?


California, United States of America

What is the test for a motion for a continuance to enable a defendant to prepare for trial?


California, United States of America

What is the test for knowing assistance of breach of trust?


British Columbia, Canada

What is the test for a right to self-defense under section 198 of the Federal Criminal Code?


California, United States of America

Does a judge on remand have jurisdiction to resent a sentence under the Youth Corrections Act?


MultiRegion, United States of America

What is the test for rebutting a defense witness's character evidence in a criminal case?


California, United States of America

What is the test for habeas corpus jurisdiction?


British Columbia, Canada

Can a municipality bring a claim against council members for unauthorized actions where property has been converted?


Nova Scotia, Canada

When a word or phrase has a "technical, legal meaning" that differs from its "nonlegal meaning" is a jury's duty to clarify it for the jury?


California, United States of America

In what circumstances will this application be dismissed?


Ontario, Canada

What is the test for verbal provocation in a murder case?


California, United States of America

Does a motion for class certification in a medical malpractice case succeed?


MultiRegion, United States of America

What is the effect of the presumption of undue influence on a jury?


British Columbia, Canada

What is the central existence of a person in Canada?


Canada (Federal), Canada

Is a trial court required to state its reasons for sentencing a defendant to a minimum sentence?


California, United States of America

What is the current state of the law on patent unreasonableness?


Canada (Federal), Canada

What is the test for a motion for a reversal and remand in a disability case?


MultiRegion, United States of America

Is a section of the Criminal Code extending criminal liability beyond the express terms of the criminal code sufficient to be considered unconstitutional?


MultiRegion, United States of America

When reviewing a denial of a motion to dismiss on double jeopardy grounds before trial, does this court review the error made in the denial?


MultiRegion, United States of America

What is the Kawauchi rule on the meaning of a written instrument?


MultiRegion, United States of America

What is the test for determining whether the prosecution met its burden of proving the elements of a sentence enhancement beyond a reasonable doubt?


California, United States of America

When will a judgment be enforceable against an out-of-jurisdiction defendant?


Ontario, Canada

What is the test for Rule 59 of the Rule 59 motion?


MultiRegion, United States of America

Do not need to prove intent to commit sexual acts, only intent to persuade?


MultiRegion, United States of America

In what circumstances will a plaintiff be able to bring a claim against a bank for alleged anti-competitive practices?


MultiRegion, United States of America

What is the test for negligence in the performance of the Law Society of Upper Canada?


Ontario, Canada

Does a delay in providing showers and medical attention for injured inmates suffering from harmful effects of pepper spray violate the Eighth Amendment?


MultiRegion, United States of America

What is the effect of not being present during a jury trial of a defendant in a sexual assault case?


MultiRegion, United States of America

What is the standard of appeal review for determining the sufficiency of evidence?


California, United States of America

Is a plaintiff's claim for bad faith rejection of insurance benefits a tort/contract based tort or contract based claim?


New Brunswick, Canada

In what circumstances must a police officer be able to establish that the accused has alcohol in his system?


Saskatchewan, Canada

Is a cross-complainant seeking damages for damages for legal malpractice against his former attorney required to present expert testimony from a different expert?


California, United States of America

Can a strata corporation charge a similar renovation fee to the owner of the property?


British Columbia, Canada

What is the test for establishing that a written agreement supersedes all previous understandings?


MultiRegion, United States of America

What is the test for determining whether an administrative decision substantially affects a fundamental right?


California, United States of America

What are the consequences of perjury in criminal law?


British Columbia, Canada

What is the range of non-pecuniary damages in a personal injury action?


British Columbia, Canada

Does a settlement involving waiver of costs and fees preclude a later action for malicious prosecution?


California, United States of America

How has the court treated evidence of a prior conviction for abuse of children in a sexual assault case?


California, United States of America

What is the current state of the law on credibility?


British Columbia, Canada

What is the test for determining the appropriate amount of child support for a split parenting arrangement?


Nova Scotia, Canada

What is the test for determining whether a person has the right to pay a debt?


California, United States of America

What is the standard of care for damages for cost of future care?


Alberta, Canada

What is the test for a university to grant tenure to a professor?


California, United States of America

What is the test for determining whether a party can obtain damages from a party who infringes the same law?


Manitoba, Canada

Does a motion for acquittal of a charge of buying, concealing, selling or withholding stolen property need to be granted at retrial?


California, United States of America

What is the test for federal jurisdiction in cases where the Attorney General declines to bring an action?


MultiRegion, United States of America

What is the definition of a separation agreement in s. 43 of the Divorce Act?


British Columbia, Canada

Is Local Rule 25 a proper exercise of authority delegated to the superior court?


California, United States of America

What is the test for dismissing a class action?


California, United States of America

What factors must be considered in determining the suitability of a real estate transaction?


Ontario, Canada

In what circumstances will Flores appeal the Court's finding that Flores has failed to provide any factual or legal basis supporting its cause of action?


California, United States of America

Does Defendant have to make a specific objection to the admission of evidence or exclusion of evidence?


California, United States of America

What is the test for standing in an action for breach of fiduciary duty?


MultiRegion, United States of America

Is a prosecutor's questioning and commentary of evidence prejudicial in a sexual assault case?


California, United States of America

Does the trial judge err in a finding that the mother had no improper motive when she moved with the child to Victoria?


British Columbia, Canada

What are the factors used to determine whether a parent has made a loan or advance?


Ontario, Canada

What is the test for dismissing a jury in a sexual assault case where a prospective juror said in a voir dire that children never lie about being sexually abused?


California, United States of America

What is the difference between a police arrest and a consensual encounter?


California, United States of America

What is the test for determining whether a prospective juror has a bias against the death penalty?


California, United States of America

Is there any difference between a reasonable but good faith belief in the need to act in self-defense and a voluntary manslaughter?


California, United States of America

Can a witness be re-examined on the basis of his or her credibility?


California, United States of America

Is there a legal way out of domestic violence?


British Columbia, Canada

Can a property acquired through reinvestment of a gift or legacy exempt from seizure even without a stipulation of unseizability regarding that property in the deed of gift or in the will?


Canada (Federal), Canada

Does an attorney have a legal right to stipulate away an insured's rights without his consent for the benefit of his other client, the insurance company?


California, United States of America

What is the test for having jurisdiction to challenge a conviction and sentence for possession and illegal transfer of an unregistered machine gun?


MultiRegion, United States of America

What is the applicable sentence under section 667(a)(1) of the Criminal Code for a convicted robber?


California, United States of America

In a sexual assault case, how have the jury instructions been interpreted in the context of sexual assault cases?


MultiRegion, United States of America

Can an appellate court amend an order made by the Superior Court of Justice in a case not before the court?


California, United States of America

Does a normal MRI indicate that a plaintiff is having an adverse reaction to an anti-inflammatory drug?


MultiRegion, United States of America

What is the effect of the exclusion of all evidence of the pension in a personal injury case?


California, United States of America

Does the California Homeowner Bill of Rights prohibit "dual track" foreclosures?


California, United States of America

Does the Defendant have jurisdiction to set aside the original plea agreement or to accept the second plea agreement?


California, United States of America

What is the standard of review in cases in which the People rely mainly on circumstantial evidence?


California, United States of America

Does a "major" federal action that significantly affects the environment have to also be "major in the economic or some other non-environmental sense"?


MultiRegion, United States of America

Can a party withdraw their application and in effect dismiss the action?


California, United States of America

Does Defendant have a right to a jury trial on the strike allegation?


California, United States of America

What is the test for admitting identification evidence in a criminal case?


California, United States of America

What is the consequence of the Court of Appeal finding that a defendant had a motive or had a plan to kill?


California, United States of America

In what circumstances has the Court considered the adequacy of advice given by a duty counsel?


Ontario, Canada

Can a defendant create prejudice by failing to conduct a thorough investigation of liability after the accident?


Ontario, Canada

Does a defendant have to forfeit his claim of prosecutorial misconduct for comments made by a prosecutor in a criminal case?


California, United States of America

What factors must a court consider when sentencing a defendant to a reduced sentence under section 3553(a) of the Criminal Code?


MultiRegion, United States of America

Can a federal court revoke a term of supervised release for abuse of discretion?


MultiRegion, United States of America

What is the test for a claim of prosecutorial misconduct?


California, United States of America

Is a criminal offence punishable by section 654 (a) of the Criminal Code of Ontario's Criminal Code punishable by Section 654, subdivision (a), punishable by the same law, punishable by a different law?


California, United States of America

What is the definition of personal use of a firearm?


California, United States of America

Can a federal habeas corpus relief be sought against a state?


MultiRegion, United States of America

What is the test for changing a child support order?


British Columbia, Canada

What is the difference between an agreement and an action?


British Columbia, Canada

Is there an additional penalty for the use of a firearm under the Criminal Code when a defendant brandishes a firearm?


California, United States of America

Is a fiduciary entitled to a reasonable attorney's fee under ERISA?


MultiRegion, United States of America

Does the cumulative error doctrine apply to overturn a conviction of attempted murder?


California, United States of America

Does Lance Armstrong have to argue that his statements were involuntary?


California, United States of America

How has the restitution order regarding costs of caring in time of need been modified?


California, United States of America

Is a plaintiff entitled to a motion to strike his complaint?


California, United States of America

What is the onus on an applicant for a military pension?


Canada (Federal), Canada

What is the test for exclusive possession of a matrimonial home?


Ontario, Canada

What is the scope and scope of an extradition hearing?


Ontario, Canada

What is the test for the fifth factor?


Canada (Federal), Canada

What is the legal test for whether an individual's naturalization was "illegally procured"?


MultiRegion, United States of America

What is the test for abuse of trial court decisions concerning the admissibility of evidence?


MultiRegion, United States of America

What is the standard of review in a challenge to a jury instruction?


California, United States of America

Does a defendant who accepts a plea agreement for reduced sentence for a charge of assault have any right to challenge the award on appeal?


California, United States of America

Is it particularly difficult to prevail on a claim of ineffective assistance on appeal?


California, United States of America

What is the range of non-pecuniary damages awarded in a personal injury action?


British Columbia, Canada

Is it beyond our jurisdiction to consider in habeas corpus such action by the judge?


MultiRegion, United States of America

What is the standard of care required for an expert to be considered in a negligence action?


British Columbia, Canada

What is the test for a motion to quash a subpoena?


MultiRegion, United States of America

Does the issue of attorney's fees in a diversity action fall within that limited category where the issue is solely one of law and its proper resolution is beyond any doubt?


MultiRegion, United States of America

Is pre-tax income included in a spouse's income for support purposes?


Newfoundland and Labrador, Canada

In what circumstances will a court grant uncontested motions for child support where both parties are still living under the same roof?


Ontario, Canada

How does the statutory repeal rule apply in workers compensation cases?


California, United States of America

How should the jury consider an expert's testimony?


California, United States of America

How have the jury been instructed to interpret the meaning of deliberate deliberate deliberate use of the word "deliberately" in the dictionary?


California, United States of America

What is the test for determining whether counsel's errors prejudiced the outcome of a trial?


MultiRegion, United States of America

How have the courts considered whether items 1, 8 and 9 in a search warrant application considered probable cause?


MultiRegion, United States of America

Is there sufficient evidence to support the jury's finding that there was sufficient evidence for a reversal of judgment?


California, United States of America

What is the test for dismissing a pro se civil rights complaint for failure to state a claim?


MultiRegion, United States of America

What is the threshold for sustaining a pleading under Rule 21.01?


Ontario, Canada

What factors are sufficient to ground a reasonable, articulable suspicion of criminal activity?


MultiRegion, United States of America

What factors will a court consider when assessing damages for non-pecuniary losses?


British Columbia, Canada