What is the doctrine of the merger doctrine?

Ontario, Canada

The following excerpt is from Cassell v. Irving H. Miller Limited, 2016 ONSC 5570 (CanLII):

The “merger doctrine” provides that “…when a tort has been committed by two or more persons an allegation of a prior conspiracy to commit the tort adds nothing…The prior agreement merges in the tort…” - Ward v. Lewis [1955] 1 All E.R. 55

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