Mandel J. cites Pao On in Bozzo v. Giampaolo,  O.J. No. 1592 (Sup. Ct.) and notes at para. 88 that, to determine whether there has been economic duress, the court should consider the following four factors: 1. Did the party protest at the time? 2. Was there an alternative course open to the party? 3. Was the party independently advised? 4. After entering the contract did he take steps to avoid it within a reasonable time after his execution?
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