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Alexi provides high-quality answers to complex legal questions in memo format for lawyers. Below you can see a collection of sample excerpts from just some of the thousands of research memos we produce.


Is a pro se litigant entitled to solicitude from a court?


MultiRegion, United States of America

Can a mortgagee of chattels bring an action of trover against a purchaser of some of the goods from the mortgagor?


Saskatchewan, Canada

What is the standard of service required by the Law Society of BC?


British Columbia, Canada

Does section 654 of the California Criminal Code apply to a defendant who harbored multiple criminal objectives?


California, United States of America

How have we dealt with the issue of firearm possession on appeal?


California, United States of America

Does a defendant in a civil action have a right to stay the action pending the disposition of the criminal proceedings?


British Columbia, Canada

What is the test for determining relevancy and admissibility of evidence in a sexual assault case?


California, United States of America

What is the test for "equitable adjustment" in a civil contract?


MultiRegion, United States of America

Does a plaintiff have to prove that there is a real and substantial possibility of a future event attributable to negligence leading to a future loss of income?


British Columbia, Canada

What is the legal test for judicial sale of real property in an action for specific performance or cancellation?


Saskatchewan, Canada

Is a failure to make a timely and specific objection cognizable?


California, United States of America

What is the test for a motion to strike a conviction for a prior felony conviction?


California, United States of America

How is child support calculated in a shared parenting situation where one parent earns a large income?


British Columbia, Canada

What is the difference between a premarital agreement and a commercial contract?


California, United States of America

Does the presumption of intent to trespass apply in the context of a contract of insurance?


California, United States of America

What is the standard of conduct of counsel in cross-examination at a sexual assault trial?


California, United States of America

What is the meaning of the word "principally dependent" and the definition of a person's right to claim damages from an insurance company?


Ontario, Canada

What is the limitation period under s. 60 of the Family Law Reform Act?


Ontario, Canada

What is the test for a motion to dismiss an indictment on constitutional grounds?


MultiRegion, United States of America

Does a defendant have to contact defense experts to determine that blood and fingerprint evidence was damning without consulting them?


California, United States of America

What is the test for an employee to be found guilty of negligence in a medical malpractice case?


MultiRegion, United States of America

What is the test for a claim for retaliation in violation of the First Amendment?


MultiRegion, United States of America

What is the test for federal habeas corpus relief under AEDPA?


MultiRegion, United States of America

What is the impact of not complying with an MVA?


British Columbia, Canada

Can a teacher be denied a teaching credential under education code section 44346.1 based on conviction of possession of a firearm by convicted felon?


California, United States of America

Does an applicant's degree in a related discipline have to be considered a bachelor's degree?


Canada (Federal), Canada

What is the interim adverse judgment rule?


California, United States of America

Is a notice to quit valid?


Saskatchewan, Canada

When will the Court review the sufficiency of the evidence to support the conviction?


California, United States of America

What is the test for making an order preventing a strata from interfering with a party’s activities?


British Columbia, Canada

Is section 29 of the statute of limitations on a minor's action for damages for negligently inflicted prenatal injuries?


California, United States of America

What is the state of the law on the interpretation of insurance contracts?


California, United States of America

What is the applicable duty of care under the Federal Tort Claims Act?


MultiRegion, United States of America

Does a decision of abandonment need to be reviewed because the applicant has not yet obtained legal assistance?


Canada (Federal), Canada

What is the burden of proving that a federal constitutional error is harmless?


California, United States of America

What is the standard for review on habeas corpus in the context of the prosecution's improper conduct?


MultiRegion, United States of America

What is the test for a jury to determine whether a defendant's failure to instruct the jury on an element of the crime is harmless beyond a reasonable doubt?


California, United States of America

What is the test for determining whether admitted evidence should have been excluded?


California, United States of America

Does a stipulation terminating a tenant's tenancy in a building he has lived in for most of his life stand?


"New York", United States of America

What is the proper approach to a summary judgment application based on admissions?


Alberta, Canada

Is there any case law where the failure of the respondent to fully disclose to the court was not deliberate?


British Columbia, Canada

What is the test for evidence that qualifies as the "fruit of the poisonous tree"?


MultiRegion, United States of America

What is the test for making a statement in the presence of a party to an action?


California, United States of America

Is there any case law where a plaintiff waives his excessive force claim?


MultiRegion, United States of America

Can a litigant claim section 998 costs and fees if he is not the prevailing party?


California, United States of America

What is the burden of establishing personal jurisdiction in a personal injury action?


MultiRegion, United States of America

Is a convicted felon eligible for probation?


California, United States of America

What is the test for a demurrer in a notice to quit for failure to pay rent?


California, United States of America

Is a defendant's sentence reduced de novo because it was based on a sentencing range that was subsequently reduced by the sentencing commission?


MultiRegion, United States of America

What is the test for a claim of domestic violence brought by the wife against the husband of a "very profligate" adultery offender?


Saskatchewan, Canada

Does a consent order have the effect of a judgment of the court following a trial or hearing?


Ontario, Canada

How have the courts treated fairness issues in class actions?


California, United States of America

What is the test for misconduct in a prosecutor's closing argument at a sexual assault trial?


California, United States of America

What are the relevant reasons for seeking costs arising out of the judgment of York Condominium Corporation No. 473?


Ontario, Canada

Can a petitioner seek federal habeas relief from a conviction or sentence from a state-court conviction and sentence?


MultiRegion, United States of America

What is the test for granting relief for a man who suffered multiple injuries in a motor vehicle accident?


MultiRegion, United States of America

What is the test for reducing or cancelling a parent's child support arrears?


British Columbia, Canada

What is relevant evidence relevant to the credibility of a witness or hearsay declarant?


California, United States of America

What is the effect of SLAPP on a deputy sheriff?


California, United States of America

In what circumstances will RPI be held liable for placing RPI in the wrong place at the wrong time?


California, United States of America

What is the current state of the law on oral contracts?


British Columbia, Canada

What is the test for pleading the defense of former jeopardy?


California, United States of America

Is a motor vehicle accident a contributory factor in a plaintiff's major mood disorder?


Ontario, Canada

What is the test for an evidentiary objection in a criminal case?


California, United States of America

What is the test for assessing a witness’s credibility?


British Columbia, Canada

What is the test for a plaintiff to argue that he was denied a disability benefit or service by reason of his disability?


MultiRegion, United States of America

When determining damages for loss of income that may have been lost due to negligence, is the loss of capacity to earn compensable loss?


British Columbia, Canada

What is the meaning of a search in the Fourth Amendment?


California, United States of America

What is the test for making a proper Rule 49 offer to a plaintiff?


Ontario, Canada

What is the test for appeal from a Master Order?


British Columbia, Canada

What is the test for making a restitution order for a hit-and-run driver?


California, United States of America

What is the burden of proving an arbitration provision invalid or otherwise unenforceable?


California, United States of America

What is the test for directed verdict?


Ontario, Canada

What is the test for admitting videotaped evidence?


British Columbia, Canada

What is the test for joining for trial under Rule 8(b)?


MultiRegion, United States of America

What is the impact of prior good character of an employee charged with theft from their employer?


Alberta, Canada

Is Section 2254(d) of the Federal Criminal Code sufficient to establish that the federal habeas proceedings are the principal forum for asserting constitutional challenges to the conviction of a convicted criminal?


MultiRegion, United States of America

What is the test for a voluntary manslaughter instruction in a second degree murder case?


California, United States of America

What is the standard of review applied to a defendant's claim that the evidence is insufficient to support his murder conviction?


California, United States of America

Does a defendant have a right to counsel at all critical stages of the criminal process?


California, United States of America

To what extent can Doe rely on the Fourteenth Amendment and Miranda?


MultiRegion, United States of America

What factors will determine whether a defendant has a history of serious and/or violent felony convictions?


California, United States of America

Can a court impute to the arresting officer the collective knowledge of law enforcement agencies for the purpose of establishing probable cause?


California, United States of America

What is the test for privilege over the disclosure of confidential documents?


British Columbia, Canada

What are the costs of a CIBC MORTGAGES Inc. trading as FIRSTLINE Mortgages?


Ontario, Canada

What is the test for making a claim that a product is defective?


California, United States of America

What is the test for involuntary confession in a criminal case?


MultiRegion, United States of America

What is the test for a defendant's Sixth Amendment right to counsel?


California, United States of America

What is the argument that defense counsel made an unreasonable tactical choice not to call other neighborhood children as witnesses at trial?


California, United States of America

What is the reliability of evidence in a civil case?


British Columbia, Canada

What is the test for a defense counsel to challenge a prosecutor's conduct on appeal?


California, United States of America

What is the reasonableness of requiring an examination for fitness where there have been three roadside suspensions within two years?


British Columbia, Canada

Is there any case law supporting the argument that a claim is not a contractual claim?


British Columbia, Canada

What is the test for establishing that negligence was not the sole cause of injury?


British Columbia, Canada

How have the principles of order and fairness been raised to the level of constitutional imperatives?


Canada (Federal), Canada

What are the costs of a plaintiff in a public interest litigation?


Ontario, Canada

Can a stepfather make a claim of maintenance against the natural parent?


British Columbia, Canada

What is the test for a plaintiff to prove that they have lost their employment as a result of a loss of income?


British Columbia, Canada

Is a neuropsychologist allowed to testify in a personal injury trial?


California, United States of America

What is the test for accessing disability accommodation in employment law?


MultiRegion, United States of America

Does dishonesty constitute just cause for termination?


British Columbia, Canada

What is the test for determining a quantum of costs under Rule 24(12)?


Ontario, Canada

Can a municipal council direct its planning staff to address matters of detail without requiring a further public hearing?


British Columbia, Canada

In a diversity action brought by the California Board of Directors, how have the courts interpreted the findings of the federal district court?


MultiRegion, United States of America

Is there any case law that supports the argument that a risk assessment made by an expert is flawed?


Ontario, Canada

What is the test for determining whether a plaintiff has a claim under the California Probate Code?


MultiRegion, United States of America

Can a motion to reopen an administrative proceeding be successful?


MultiRegion, United States of America

What are some of the most important decisions in the history of accessing access to information legislation?


British Columbia, Canada

Can a prosecutor use coercive and threatening language to compel a witness to testify at trial?


California, United States of America

In a personal injury action, can the court refer to a prior pleading in order to make plaintiff's amended complaint complete?


MultiRegion, United States of America

In what circumstances will the trial court be able to rely on evidence obtained during an unlawful search under section 1538.5, subdivision (d) of the California Criminal Code?


California, United States of America

What is the burden of proving an individual's claim of economic losses against a defendant?


California, United States of America

When will a jury find that prejudicial juror misconduct invalidated the count 7 verdict?


California, United States of America

What is the test for a doctor to be qualified as a public professional?


Alberta, Canada

What is the test for exclusion of probative evidence in a civil case?


California, United States of America

What is the test for determining the quantum of damages awarded to a plaintiff in a personal injury case?


Ontario, Canada

What is the test for a writ of coram nobis to vacate a judgment in a criminal case?


MultiRegion, United States of America

What is the balance between freedom of speech and integrity of the administration of justice?


Alberta, Canada

Is there a tactical reason for defense counsel's failure to object at trial?


California, United States of America

What is the test for enforceability of a forum selection clause in a commercial contract?


Ontario, Canada

What is the test for allowing a witness to testify against a defendant in a civil case?


California, United States of America

What is the test for proximity in a motor vehicle accident?


Prince Edward Island, Canada

What are the elements of aiding and abetting, and premeditated attempted murder?


California, United States of America

Can a party in default cross-examine the substitute accounting made by the opposite party?


Quebec, Canada

Does a defendant have the ability to pay the costs of court-appointed counsel in a restitution case?


California, United States of America

Is a strata corporation required to have received a complaint of a bylaw contravention before imposing a fine?


British Columbia, Canada

What is the test for excluding identification evidence in a motion to exclude identification evidence?


California, United States of America

What is the test for a warrant to arrest a suspect in a murder case?


California, United States of America

Does Proposition 8 change the rule that restitution is not an appropriate term and condition of probation in a hit-and-run case?


California, United States of America

What is the impact of a sudden stop by a driver at a busy shopping centre?


British Columbia, Canada

What are the implications of the double jeopardy clause in the federal and state constitutions?


California, United States of America

In what circumstances will the Federal District Court order that two defendants be brought to stand trial at the same time for the same crime?


MultiRegion, United States of America

How have the courts treated the fourth cause of action?


California, United States of America

Is a soil contamination claim not insured on a "first party" basis?


Nova Scotia, Canada

What is the test for recoverable damages under the objective doctrine?


Saskatchewan, Canada

Does a custodial parent have to pay child and spousal support to the non-custodial parent of the child?


Ontario, Canada

What is the test for a jury to convict a defendant of manslaughter based on the testimony of a single witness?


California, United States of America

Is an employer entitled to a written notice of intent to terminate an employee's employment?


California, United States of America

What is the test for reversal of a criminal conviction for a statement that was improperly admitted?


MultiRegion, United States of America

What is the burden of proof for an insurance company to prove that the fall preceded the fire?


MultiRegion, United States of America

Is a judge's office a normal judicial function?


MultiRegion, United States of America

Can Rule 266 require a party to submit to discovery?


Alberta, Canada

Can an amended complaint avoid the bar of the statute of limitations?


California, United States of America

In a personal injury action, in what circumstances will attorney's fees be awarded?


California, United States of America

Is there any case law that supports the argument that a primary ground of discrimination such as race, race, disability, and/or compound discrimination may have occurred as a result of multiple intersecting grounds?


Canada (Federal), Canada

Can a minor be charged under section 1983 of the Criminal Code if he is arrested at the scene or at the arresting agency prior to his release?


MultiRegion, United States of America

What is the proper remedy in a motion for in camera review of confidential personnel records?


California, United States of America

What is the test for determining whether a named plaintiff suffered an injury in fact as a result of the challenged conduct?


MultiRegion, United States of America

What are the implications of a finding of not guilty on count 2 of a charge of sexual assault?


California, United States of America

What is the test for inadmissible evidence in a sexual assault case?


California, United States of America

Can a party act as their own attorney?


California, United States of America

Is there any case law supporting a claim that a prisoner's civil rights have been abridged by a medical malpractice clinic?


MultiRegion, United States of America

Does a defendant have to sign a waiver of his right to be personally present at a hearing?


California, United States of America

What is the test for appointing counsel to represent appellant on appeal?


California, United States of America

Is a defendant entitled to desist from the witness stand?


California, United States of America

What is the test for a plaintiff to obtain the right to sue a public entity for negligence?


California, United States of America

What is the test for a defendant to repudiate a contract for reducing its construction costs?


British Columbia, Canada

Is a statement of defence stating that an undertaking was a condition to the signing of a bond?


Saskatchewan, Canada

What is the test for a jury to convict a defendant of assault with force likely to inflict great bodily injury for two separate attacks?


California, United States of America

What are the requirements for a criminal defendant to plead guilty?


California, United States of America

What is the standard of review in the context of a spouse's claim for spousal support?


Ontario, Canada

What is the burden of establishing a defendant's incriminating statements was voluntary?


California, United States of America

Does the Minister of Justice have a duty to surrender under the Surrendering Under the Surrogation Act?


Ontario, Canada

Can a peace officer arrest a person without a warrant?


California, United States of America

What are the elements of section 4500 of the California Criminal Code and what is the effect of the court's order excluding evidence of a prior murder conviction at petitioner's trial?


California, United States of America

What is the test for a defendant to plead guilty in a civil case?


California, United States of America

What constitutes an assault with a firearm?


California, United States of America

Does the transcript of a sentencing hearing contradict appellant's claim that the sentencing was based on coercion and promise of leniency?


MultiRegion, United States of America

In what circumstances will a probation officer be induced to admit to a violation of the conditions of his probation?


California, United States of America

What is the state of the law on deliberate indifference in the context of prison grievance reviews?


MultiRegion, United States of America

Can a prosecutor or the court comment directly or indirectly upon a defendant's failure to testify in his defense?


California, United States of America

Is evidence of an uncharged crime admissible in a criminal case?


California, United States of America

What is a defendant's right to peremptory challenges?


California, United States of America

Does a settlement with an oil company that has previously been denied certification to the Court of Appeal preclude certification being granted in the context of a settlement?


Ontario, Canada

What is the test for probable cause for search warrants in civil cases?


"New York", United States of America

Can a former city employee who entered into a settlement agreement with the city be sued for breach of the settlement agreement?


California, United States of America

What is the test for provocation in a murder case?


California, United States of America

What is the burden of a complaining party to obtain an opinion from a Review Court?


California, United States of America

What are the circumstances that guarantee trustworthiness in statements made by a manager and a supervisor?


Ontario, Canada

In what circumstances will the court reject a defendant's claim of an implied promise of leniency in statements from police officers that they were there to listen and then to help you out?


California, United States of America

What is the test for applying Rule 37 sanctions diligently?


MultiRegion, United States of America

Does a comment about defense counsel's awareness of appellant's sanity remedied by the court's instruction to the jury?


California, United States of America

Does an insurer have a duty to act in good faith by stipulating that a settlement pursuant to a "deems expedient" clause in a personal injury policy is not enforceable?


California, United States of America

What is the test for a conviction for assault with a deadly weapon?


California, United States of America

What is the test for probable cause to arrest for public intoxication?


California, United States of America

What is the test for establishing reasonable and probable grounds for an arrest?


Ontario, Canada

How have the courts interpreted the duty-of-inquiry rule in the context of a substitution motion?


California, United States of America

Can a probation officer search a parolee without a search warrant?


California, United States of America

What is the test for undue influence, misinformation and duress?


British Columbia, Canada

What is the test for a "proper person" to be considered a representative of a security holder, creditor, director or officer?


Alberta, Canada

What is the state of the law in relation to restraints?


California, United States of America

Is a failure by counsel to take exception to a jury address at the time of trial fatal?


Saskatchewan, Canada

What is the test for an insurance policy award based on a physician’s assessment of pain, disability and recommended treatment?


British Columbia, Canada

What is the test for finding a defendant mentally unfit to stand trial?


California, United States of America

Can a police officer refuse to issue a warrant for a search without a search warrant?


California, United States of America

Does the decision to chase a suspect need to be considered a balancing act?


Ontario, Canada

Is the Federal Reserve's adjudicatory rule that retroactively retroactively applies to Montgomery Ward?


MultiRegion, United States of America

What are the causes for an incomplete verdict in a personal injury case?


California, United States of America

What is the test for reasonable expectation of privacy under the Fourth Amendment when an overnight guest is found to have been a party to a party in the home of the party's landlord?


California, United States of America

What is the test for multiple punishment under section 654 of the California Criminal Code?


California, United States of America