What is the test for voir dire in a civil case?

MultiRegion, United States of America

The following excerpt is from United States v. Miller, 17-2140-cr (2nd Cir. 2018):

"Voir dire is necessarily a matter in which the trial court has extremely broad discretion," and "trial judges are not required to ask every question that counseleven all counselbelieves is appropriate." United States v. Lawes, 292 F.3d 123, 128 (2d Cir. 2002). This is in part because, with respect to voir dire, the interests of the court and counsel are not necessarily aligned. See id. ("The court wants a fair and impartial jury to be chosen and to move expeditiously to the presentation of evidence. Counsel want a jury favorable to their causefair or notand voir dire aids them in exercising peremptory challenges and challenges for cause."). Accordingly, in reviewing such claims,

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we "recognize that the selection by a district judge of voir dire questions must balance (i) the need to afford counsel a 'feel' as to each potential juror . . . against (ii) the need to avoid use of the voir dire as a mini-trial that delays the presentation of evidence." Id.; see also United States v. Tramunti, 513 F.2d 1087, 1114 (2d Cir. 1975) ("In almost any case there can be developed a series of questions designed to uncover some possible juror prejudice, but the orderly functioning of the judicial process requires that the trial court be allotted some flexibility to place reasonable limitations on juror examination.").

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